|Phoenicians in Utah - Page 2|
Here are some other drawings from Dr Bushiri's article:
As you can see, a recurring shape is a vertical bar with an upturned crescent. There may or may not be additional elements. After reading this article, I wrote to Dr Bushiri in Bahrain. I included a copy of my picture of the trapezoid man, with the Inanna figure. In due course, Dr Bushiri graciously responded. He agreed that the crescent symbol does resemble one of the names of Inanna. To my disappointment, he was not able to identify the symbol on the other side of the trapezoid man. However, I was convinced that we had found a major clue to understanding the Fremont People.
Please look again at the panel of the three "champagne glasses." Each has a dot on either side, with a semicircle above made up of nine dots. I must confess I don't know the meaning of the dots, except that the number nine had various magical meanings in ancient cultures. According to Dr Bushiri, the number representing Inanna was eight, since she was represented by the planet Venus, whose symbol was an eight-pointed star. Did the eight somehow transmogrify to nine? I couldn't say, but a study of Dr Bushiri's material reveals that the writing system of Dilmun was constantly changing and evolving, while retaining certain basic elements.
I do not mean to suggest that the Fremonts were from Dilmun or Bahrain. I do think they were descendants of Phoenicians. There is a great deal of material to establish the presence of Phoenicians in the New World - too much to list here. The Phoenicians (or Punics) were never a single nation, but rather a group of city states and ethnic groups united by common interests, related languages, and similar religions. Their empire reached its peak during the reign of Carthage, which was finally destroyed by the Romans in 146 BC after many years of war. The Punics were the greatest seafarers, merchants and innovators of their time; during the late Bronze Age they controlled the world's supply of copper, tin, and other metals. They are often credited with inventing the first alphabet. At least they did use the same alphabet from which Arabic, Hebrew, Greek and Latin scripts are derived. Much of their religion, myth, symbolism and other cultural traits can be traced back to ancient Sumer - by way of Dilmun.
Crossing the Atlantic would have been a relatively easy voyage for the Punics. They embarked on much longer voyages, circumnavigating Africa. How did some of them end up in Utah? There are many traces of Punic culture in Mexico. In ancient times, the Rio Grande had far more water in it than it does now. It would have been easy sailing for early explorers or traders to take the river as far as the middle of what is now Colorado. Utah is not far to the west. I envision a small group that wandered north from Mexico and decided, for some reason, to stay there. They found plenty of game and good weather. Best of all, they were not confronted with Roman armies trying to kill them. If the Anasazi Indians were hostile, there were probably not many of them and they were not as well organized or armed.
Inanna's sign is by no means the only clue linking the Fremont with Punic culture. I don't wish to repeat here what other writers have put forth in greater detail. I will, however, present one more symbol which appears to me directly related to the work of Dr Bushiri:
It may not be clear from this image, but this is the corner of a rock cliff. The corner runs vertically between the humanoid figure on the right and the maze-like glyph above the tree. This panel contains a number of interesting elements. Examine the humanoid in the center. Notice that he is composed of a rectangle with two upturned crescents on top, with a dot or small circle inside. Now look at Dr Bushiri's illustration above - you will find at least two or three figures made up of the same elements. The other humanoid also has a crescent and dot for a head. The beetle-like figure on the left has the same motif. Below the beetle is a picture of two human footprints. Although not reproduced here, the human foot is another frequently used "word" in Dilmun writing. (Its exact meaning is not clear.) Notice the man in the center has five fingers on one hand with four on the other, which make nine.
I believe these figures are related to Inanna worship, although there has apparently been some further evolution of the Dilmun writing system. The figures obviously are male. Perhaps they represent high priests in service of the Goddess? There is also a wriggling horizontal line directly above the figure on the right. In Dilmun, this represented a serpent, symbol of wisdom and of immortality.
Finally, look at the glyph in the lower right, partly obscured by the tree. Here's a close-up.
The object at the bottom, below the man, consists of an arc above an ovoid figure. Below is the semicircle of nine dots. At the left and right are two branch-like shapes. Now compare this glyph with a few figures from Dr Bushiri's article:
Notice the figure in the upper left corner. This is basically a horizontal bar with branches at each end. This symbol means "an orchard." When combined with the symbol for Inanna, it means "Lady of the Orchard," or "Lady of the Date Palms," another of the Queen of Heaven's titles. Among Her other heavenly jobs, she was a fertility goddess. Now, the horizontal bar in this case means "Earth." In another Dilmun variant, Earth is an oval shape with lines across it.
In my own opinion, the "orchard" motif may explain the dot on each side of the first symbol we examined. The tree or branch on each side may have evolved to a simple dot. This would be consistent with the way in which Dilmun writing was reconstructed, or evolved. I believe the key to understanding the pictograms of the Fremont culture is to be found in Bahrain - and possibly also in related forms of Middle Eastern writing. A great deal more could be documented and written about these wonderful pictures in Utah - but I will leave that work to those with more time and wisdom than myself.
For more about the Southwest and stones that speak, be sure to visit: The Orion Zone.